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[Talent Development] Moral and Cultural Intelligence in Multiple Intelligences
The theory of multiple intelligences has been developing since 1983. Moral and cultural intelligence should be included as a new intelligence as we take into account and uniqueness, universality and significance of geographical and cultural factors.
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES BY PRO HOWARD GARDNER
The theory of Multiple Intelligences proposed by Prof Howard Gardner attracted extensive attention from the education community and imposed a change on the practice of emphasising only the IQ Scores in human intelligence evaluation.
Sixteen years after 1983 (i.e. in 2009), Prof Gardener proposed to include Naturalistic Intelligence as the eighth intelligence. Following that, Existential Intelligence has also been introduced but has yet to be included into his framework notwithstanding years of research carried out.
I think the Frames of Mind theory for Multiple Intelligences has its shortcomings as the existence of some crucial intelligences or wisdoms is not necessarily supported by western empirical studies and tests.
MORALITY AND CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE
Morality is the value that people take for doing or not doing something. it is a "scale" in people's mind for measuring their own behaviour. This "scale" differs for different places, countries and nations due to their different geographical environment, climate, historical and religious background. Hence the Egyptian culture, Greek culture, Roman culture, Hebrew culture, Muslim culture and Chinese culture differ from each other. Each of them has its own advantages, and they are all worth inheriting.
With their universality and consistency, culture and morality affect people's thought and behaviour in a profound and consistent way, without being noticed. Big as it is, the world can surely allow the coexistence of different cultures. Although there might not be sufficient scientific and empirical support for including Prof Gardner's "Existence Intelligence" as a universal intelligence, the importance of Moral and Cultural Intelligence should not be overlooked.
RELIGIOUS AND SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE
Finally, I would like to mention a kind of wisdom at an even higher level - "Religious and Spiritual Intelligence". Despite the fact that religion and God are difficult to be verified scientifically, individuals can have real and concrete experience and understanding about them. As religion and belief are both related to the metaphysical realm, it is not surprising that they can hardly be studied and understood by psychologists.
Source: Extract from Gifted Gateway, theory by Dr. Chan K Wai
Tags: Education / Talent Development
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